Wednesday, October 9, 2013
The winner of the Nobel Peace Prize will be announced on Friday and I think it might be fun and productive to discuss and vote on who should be awarded the prize.
Wikipedia provides the following information about the prize:
According to Nobel’s will, the Peace Prize shall be awarded to the person who “shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.”
Alfred Nobel’s will further specified that the prize be awarded by a committee of five people chosen by the Norwegian Parliament.
Each year, the Norwegian Nobel Committee specifically invites qualified people to submit nominations for the Nobel Peace Prize. The statutes of the Nobel Foundation specify categories of individuals who are eligible to make nominations for the Nobel Peace Prize. These nominators are:
Members of national assemblies and governments and members of the Inter-Parliamentary Union
Members of the Permanent Court of Arbitration and the International Court of Justice at the Hague
Members of Institut de Droit International
University professors of history, social sciences, philosophy, law and theology, university presidents and directors of peace research and international affairs institutes
Former recipients, including board members of organizations that have previously received the prize
Present and past members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee
Former permanent advisers to the Norwegian Nobel Institute.
Nominations are considered by the Nobel Committee at a meeting where a short list of candidates for further review is created. This short list is then considered by permanent advisers to the Nobel institute, which consists of the Institute’s Director and the Research Director and a small number of Norwegian academics with expertise in subject areas relating to the prize. Advisers usually have some months to complete reports, which are then considered by the Committee to select the laureate. The Committee seeks to achieve a unanimous decision, but this is not always possible. The Nobel Committee typically comes to a conclusion in mid-September, but occasionally the final decision has not been made until the last meeting before the official announcement at the beginning of October.
1. Malala Yousafazi: She is the Pakistani teenager who survived a shot in the head by a member of the Taliban because she advocated for the right for girls to attend school.
2. Dr. Denis Mukwege: He is a gynecological surgeon in the Democratic Republic of Congo who has operated on and repaired the insides of many Congolese women who were victims of rape despite having been targeted for assassination and exiled. He has returned to continue his work.
3. Dr. Claudia Paz y Paz: She is the first woman to serve as Attorney General in Guatemala and despite constant threats, she the first to prosecute human rights abuses under General Ríos Montt’s dictatorship.
4. Chelsea Manning: Formerly known as Bradley Manning, she leaked the largest cache of government documents to Wikileaks in U.S. history and was convicted by a military jury of violating the Espionage Act.
5. Edward Snowden: He is a government contractor who revealed to the Guardian that the NSA had been spying on American citizens via a program known as PRISM. The revelation spawned numerous other revelations of wiretapping and other surveillance policies, including that of EU and other world officials.
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